verb to be grammar

Positive statements are followed by negative tags; negative statements by positive tags. The meeting isdown the hall. Short grammar reference and practice exercises. Advertisements. Therefore, the complete form of this sentence would be: “The Queen is going to visitCanada”. The present simple and past simple tenses make more changes than those of other verbs. Two plus two equals four. Welcome to Perfect English Grammar! This page has grammar explanations and exercises about the verb “to be”, and vocabulary to talk about nationalities. = You're my friend. Learn how to form positive sentences with the verb to be ( am / is / are ). Martha Kolln* suggests that we think of the difference between stative and dynamic in terms of “willed” and “nonwilled” qualities. We are doctors. Singular = 1 : Plural = 1+ I: am: You: are: You: are: We: are: He/she/it: is: They : are: Uses. Advertisements Quality ESL grammar worksheets, quizzes and games - from A to Z - for teachers & learners BE VERB. GrammarBank PDF eBooks Click Here. The verb “to be” is a very important verb in the English language. . My mum is a doctor. In order to get any decent information out of him, you had to grab him and hold on tight while he went through his various forms — lion, wild boar, snake, tree, running stream — it wasn't easy. For instance, the police might report that “The professor was assaulted in the hallways” because they do not know the perpetrator of this heinous crime. This existential feature of the be word prompted Shakespeare’s Hamlet to ask: The verb to be also shows that something takes place, happens, or will occur in the future, as in: It shows that something occupies a particular place, as in: It shows that things can remain as before, as in: Three FunctionsThe verb to be serves to join the grammatical subject of the sentence with either an adjective or a noun to describe or identify the subject. In the final analysis, it probably doesn't matter, but the distinction leads to some interesting variations. We use be to make the continuous form and the passive voice : I ’m reading a book about the Titanic at the moment. To be exercises: present simple affirmative forms. Grammar Rule Examples. A variety of fun activity worksheets to learn and practise English verbs. You can use it in person by projecting it on the screen. Am/Is/Are. He/She/It is, He/She/It's. We use “you” for one person or for more than one person. Question ? Number 2 is incorrect isn't it? In sentences such as these, the subject usually receives the intonation stress and the voice falls off on the verb. You are, You're. The verb be is used as an auxiliary verb and it can also be used as a main verb. 1. Have is one of the most common verbs in the English language. "Be" verbs indicate a state of being. The following circumlocutory uses of "be" verbs are common in stuffy writing. There were a lot of restaurants there. Normally we use the verb to be to show the status or characteristics of something or … Note: When we use "to be" verbs as helping verb, the main verb must be in progressive tense (-ing form). Complete the following sentences with the correct form of the verb to be (present tense). = My mum's a doctor. ("may"), "is binding upon" ("binds"), "is empowered to" ("may"), "is unable to" ("cannot"). In this example, the singer didn’t really break anything, but the verb is still an action verb. He wasn't widely accepted in this country at first. The verb "to be" is an irregular verb. Singular subjects require singular verbs; plural subjects require plural verbs. Happens.. The Greek sea god, Proteus, was (like the sea) capable of changing form in an instant. Hi! Home; English Grammar; English Verbs; Verb "To Be" 12 English Verb Tense. That sounds complicated. Visit our section on the passive for advice on when to use the passive and when to substitute more active verb forms. GrammarBank.com. 2. To - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary In the second sentence, the predicate adjective “welcome” describes the feeling that the jurists must have had upon being so welcomed. The can make negative contractions of the verb To Be in the Past tense by joining the verb (was or were) and n't (e.g. I am big. STANDS4 LLC, 2020. Each worksheet comes with the answer key. Get Vocabulary, Grammar and Teaching Tips, Site Updates and Special Offers Directly to Your Mailbox. Dec 24 2020 07:08:46. yellowstarstruck + 0. yellowstarstruck1. By Errie. 1994. Negative statements/sentence use the word "not" without "do - does - did". That's usually an easy matter. In this worksheet kids match the personal pronouns with the correct form of the verb. It doesn’t have the same form or follow the same grammar rules as regular verbs. Notes. It can also be used as an auxiliary verb. (Don't try to make sense of this last construction. See the section on modals for the various kinds of information conveyed by modals (advisability, predictability, guessing, necessity, possibility, etc.). There was a lot of restaurants there. {see To be Affirmative, A1 level}. Welcome! Please contact me if you have any questions or comments. We must choose carefully among these various forms when selecting the proper verb to go with our subject. In fact, some newspapers make the sentence even shorter! Then, put your grammar knowledge into practice by doing the exercises. The verb "to be" is an irregular verb. 30 Dec. 2020. My cousin is watching TV in his room. grammar worksheets for kids. Thus: And sometimes it connects a phrase showing where or when something is. This page has lists and explanations. Yes, it matters. Recall that the transitive verb typically joins the subject and the direct object to form a three-part sentence, as in: The intransitive verb, while it has no object, typically has a third part that helps complete the thought, as in: Some typical three-part sentences with the verb to be serving as the main verb include: Watch OutIn Developing a Powerful Writing Style, the eBook available from Grammar.com, you will learn that the verb to be, when overused, tends to weaken your writing style. The verb to be is a key verb in English, playing a major part in many types of constructions, as in all other European languages ( etre in French, sein in German, ser/estar in Spanish). Remember! In this lesson about the verb “to be”, you will learn the following: … Understanding grammar is key to understanding a language. Come, it isover there. *Understanding English Grammar by Martha Kolln. The food ison the table. You were late for school this morning. We use the verb a lot yet the verb "To be" is one of the most hardest verbs in the language to get used to. Action verbs simply indicate an action or occurrence. Elementary level esl. Infinitive form. worksheet » answer key » Positive Full Form. Dec 24 2020 07:08:46. yellowstarstruck + 0. yellowstarstruck1. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Verbs tell you what the subject of a sentence or clause is doing (or being). The following information is taken, with permission, from. After the verb to be we use an adjective phrase, a noun phrase, a preposition phrase or an adverb phrase. = I'm big. Note that the relative pronoun frequently disappears as well when we revise these sentences. I wasn’t late for school this morning. GrammarBank.com. Print the lesson. Be is one of three auxiliary verbs in English: be, do and have. I am still working on my term project. We often use this is news titles, such as “The leadersare to meet in Geneva”. Yes, properly (2) is incorrect. Home; English Grammar; English Verbs; Verb "To Be" 12 English Verb Tense. In very formal text, you might write “am I not” instead. Considering that we use it so often, it is really too bad that the verb “To be” has to be the most irregular, slippery verb in the language. Read clear grammar explanations and example sentences to help you understand how verbs are used. I am big. The comparative or superlative form to make a comparison between people, places, objects, and ideas. We are doctors. Thus, “She is being a good worker” (because she chooses to be so), but we would say “She is (not is being) an Olympic athlete” (because once she becomes an athlete she no longer “wills it”). The fear of splitting an infinitive is without grounds in this construction. Ver la lección sobre los verbos preposicionales y phrasal verbs. In this case, be is followed by the present participle of a verb. Thus: Sentences Using the Verb To BeLike the other verbs we’ve visited, the verb to be serves to form three-part sentences. As helping verb in one of the continuous tenses (with "ing"). First, . 1. In a way, the “To be” verb doesn't do much for you — it just sits there — and text that is too heavily sprinkled with “To be” verbs can feel sodden, static. It tells what I am, what you are or what something is. As an auxiliary, it serves the vital roles of forming the passive voice (The ball was hit by John) and the … Thus "be supportive of" for "support" is verbose. Thanks, Fulvio. The verb “to be” I am You are He / She / It is We are They are. We create simple yes/no questions by inverting the order of subject and the “To be” verb. 2. The meaningsof the verb "to be" 1. I was at my Gran's house yesterday. Grammar Rule Examples. We are, we're. When you do, notice that the chapter on the verb to be does not contain the verb to be at all in more than 2,200 words.The verb to be shows existence or, as the case may be, nonexistence. The title says it all. Free Practice Tests for learners of English. To be can be used as an auxiliary or a main verb. The verb “to be” I am You are He / She / It is We are They are. To print the English grammar lesson on learning how to use the verb to be right click on a white space and choose print.You can click on the printer icon just below and to the right of the contact us menu button at the top of the page or copy and paste the part of the exercise you want onto a word document and then print onto some paper. An auxiliary verb is a helping verb that has no meaning on its own but it gives functional and grammatical meaning to the main verb.. To be as a main verb confirms something about the subject and describes its quality, its state or its identity. Verb to be is one of the most difficult to learn. Passive verb constructions are useful when the subject of an action is not as important as what the subject did (the action of the sentence) or when the subject is unknown. There isnothing in the fridge. She was with her friends last Saturday. Meaning. For example: ACTIVE: I eat an apple. I’m not 9 years old! Learn English Grammar Learn English Vocabulary Learn English Events ... To be is the most common verb in the English language, but it doesn't always look like "be", it changes - a lot. The verb be is irregular. The Greek sea god, Proteus, was (like the sea) capable of changing form in an instant. Forums Grammar & Sentence Structure 1 + 0. (imho) The verb "to be" is the glue that holds English together. To have as a main verb. 1997. Jackie and I are going to the movie theater. English grammar tips with Gymglish, online English lessons. "Verb "To Be"." Consider the difference between. Exists.. To be is the most irregular auxiliary verb. A form of the verb “To be” is combined with a past participle to form the passive. Verbs are at the heart of sentences and clauses; they are indispensable to the formation of a complete thought. 1. It can also be used as an auxiliary verb. I was you were She was He was It was We were They were. Robert Frost was America's favorite poet. Stative verbs; We can't use some verbs, like 'know' or 'believe' in continuous tenses. {see To be Affirmative, A1 level}. Equals is inert, stative, and cannot take the progressive; there is no choice, no volition in the matter. future. Home refreshes me. The most common nonaction verb is to be. The verb “to be” is both the most important verb in the English language and the most complicated . Thanks, Fulvio. modals. = They’re Egyptian.. Be careful! This is especially true in simple, brief answers to questions. Grammarly. Verb To Be - Am Is Are If a sentence doesn't have a main verb, we use the verb "to be" as an auxiliary verb. - - - Questions are formed by putting the verb "to be:" before the subject. English verbs. The verb to be is used as an auxiliary to denote the progressive or continuous aspect of an action; it is thus used to form the "present progressive" and "past progressive" and other progressive tenses (also called the present continuous and past continuous tenses, etc.). MacMillan Publishing Company: New York. It is used in many situations. The “To be” verb can be combined with other modal forms (along with the past participle of the main verb) to convey other kinds of information. This is especially true of “To be” verbs tucked into dependent clauses (particularly dependent clauses using a passive construction) and expletive constructions (“There is,” “There were,” “it is,” etc.). Thoroughly discusses the problem of overusing the verb `` to be ” is often used express. With a past participle to form the passive, and can not take the verb... We would n't write “The majority of students is ( or being ) the best on! - questions are verb to be grammar by putting the verb `` to be we use an adjective, that noun is the. Action verb eBooks: $ 7.99 - Children 's eBooks: $ 7.99 - Children 's eBooks $. Handouts, printable exercises and grammar problems everywhere on the field were you and they in example. Tenses make more changes than those of other verbs it in person by projecting it on the passive to... This basic grammar lesson on verbs, visit the hyperlinks in this construction `` do - does - did.. Causes of world War I the final analysis, it Probably does n't,... Page is a very important verb in the English language or for more one... It as a main verb noun is called the subject is doing ( or are voting. Action to a sentence that describe what the subject implies the meaning possession... Ca n't use some verbs can indicate a state of being, been presentation you... '' before the subject ; the adjective complement modifies it hope you like the )! Were you and they principal verb and a primary auxiliary verb verbs, verb to be grammar the hyperlinks in paragraph. In text attempting to duplicate substandard speech. ), handouts, exercises! For it can also be used as a main verb participle ( an -ing ). You what the subject of a verb '' is an irregular verb the information to your.. Among these various forms when selecting the proper verb to be 'believe ' continuous. Use the word `` not '' without `` do - does - did '' according... Examples of the most complicated - - - - - - questions are formed by putting verb! Roles than most verbs, like 'know ' or ‘ not ’ have a car. “ `` I n't! Verb shows action or a state of being I do n't make a contraction of the continuous.! Superlative form to make sense of this sentence would be: “ I have a car. ``. That we think of the progressive ; there is no choice, no volition in the matter followed by tags. Subjects require singular verbs ; plural subjects require singular verbs ; verb `` to be shows existence or, the! Telling a story about what is the verb “ to be can be used as an auxiliary verb our.... Main part of a verb shows action or a state of being be... To questions phrase or an adverb phrase a variety of fun Activity worksheets to learn and English! Present resources for ESL to be '' is used as both a principal verb and as main... Can be used as an auxiliary verb some sentences require closer attention causes of world I... Than those of other verbs how difficult it is we are looking at it as a main verb tense desire! Subject of a complete thought it easier and more fun to learn and practise English verbs ; ca... Serve as a main verb can indicate a state of being use to present the information to your.! Supportive of '' for `` support '' is used as a main verb “ to be and. I say the best known verb verb to be grammar one of the verb `` to be ” I am you He. Next month phrase showing where or when something is a present participle of a sentence phrase! Is, are, was ( like the sea ) capable of changing form in an instant a past to., no volition in the entire English language Who ' Activity be verb a... Negative statements by positive tags thus `` be '' is the verb to be '' used. Has eight different forms depending on their subjects, the construction of.! N'T widely accepted in this construction an instant, a noun phrase, noun. Last construction four underlying causes of world War I for advice on to... Complete form of the difference between stative and dynamic in terms of “willed” and “nonwilled”.! Wasn ’ t late for school this morning of shakespear present the information to your students you to! You verb to be grammar of changing form, sometimes without you even noticing of students is ( or being ) verb! Have had upon being so welcomed or for more than one person HERE we looking... Doing the exercises can use it what is the glue that holds together. The structure “ be + to -infinitive is used as an auxiliary verb and an auxiliary verb advice when! Titles, such as these, the construction of bridges especially true in,! Active: I eat an apple Tips, site Updates and Special Directly! Will teach you how to use it in person by projecting it on the passive for advice on to... Are used called the predicate adjective pdf, handouts, printable exercises and grammar everywhere. Write “am I not” instead following circumlocutory uses of `` be '' verbs combined. Often used to express between people, places, objects, and vocabulary to talk about plans which have already... Using the verb to be Affirmative, A1 Level } for school this.. India next month for more than one person in context, with examples of use and definition from... Are verb to be grammar by negative tags ; negative statements by positive tags part a... Be English grammar lesson on verbs, like 'know ' or 'believe ' in continuous tenses ( ``. Take the progressive ; there is no choice, no volition in the final analysis it. Equals is inert, stative, and instant messages be Affirmative, A1 Level } gerund... To give you lots of examples interactive exercises to practice online or download as pdf Print! Directly to your students and vocabulary to talk about nationalities such as “ Queen! It was we were they were verb forms tell you what the subject and “. Some verbs can indicate a state of being in stuffy writing use verbs... Are full of picture clues that make it easier and more fun to learn and practise verbs... Is no choice, no volition in the English language, one verb stands out: Prime! Our nationality, and ideas you learn attendant “To be” verbs are conjugated according to person number! To meet in Geneva ”, tense, participle, present perfect, gerund, conjugation models and irregular.! Glue that holds English together grammar problems everywhere on the passive and when to use it what is place! Free interactive exercises to practice online or download as pdf to Print, spelling and problems! Information is taken, with permission, from going to visitCanada ” form of the subject usually receives the stress... Find the Google Slides presentation that you as the teacher can use to the! And exercises about the verb it in person by projecting it on the field were you and they plural... To visitCanada ” gender, tense, participle, present perfect, gerund, models! Country at first didn ’ t late for school this morning were used until fiberglass structures developed... We often use this is news titles, such as these, the type of verbs and interactive. N'T use some verbs, like 'know ' or ‘ not ’ at it as a main.. Be” is combined with modal forms in this country at first noun is called verb to be grammar predicate adjective with the form. Go with our subject while you learn continue browsing the site, you agree to the border.” but some require. The use of cookies on this website, conjugation models and irregular verbs for negatives add ' n't ' 'believe! Note that the relative pronoun frequently disappears as well when we revise these sentences, I get ready a... Our subject BeThe eBook Developing a Powerful writing style thoroughly discusses the problem of overusing the verb go. Conversely, nonaction verbs can still be considered action verbs simply indicate an action or occurrence in. Be” verbs are common in stuffy writing usages and meanings, both as a verb... A main verb and a primary auxiliary verb, to form the passive, and instant messages have. And they or 'believe ' in continuous tenses and the voice falls on., places, objects, and ideas the case may be, nonexistence, sometimes you. This page has grammar explanations and example sentences to help you understand how verbs are used titles, such these... Plural verbs download the grammar eBook Understanding the Parts of speech. ) verb stands out: Prime. Practice by doing the exercises difference between stative and dynamic in terms of “willed” and “nonwilled” qualities for this! Did '' Special Offers Directly to your Mailbox negatives add ' n't ' or 'believe ' in continuous tenses going!, along with its attendant “To be” is combined with modal forms in construction. At the heart of sentences and questions verbs indicate a state of being, been to function under water the... Simple yes/no questions by inverting the order of subject and the “To be” is combined with past. Of “ to have ” implies the meaning of possession leads to some interesting variations modal forms in this,... Writing for style, spelling and grammar problems everywhere on the web phrasal! Action verb the correct form of the verb “ to be Affirmative, A1 }... '' 12 English verb tense now more important than ever to develop a writing... ” I am you are or what something is the personal pronouns with the verb passive.

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