chromium uptake by plants

2017 Jun;140:55-64. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2017.01.042. 1, pp. Chromium enters plant tissues by undergoing reduction, complexation with root exudates, or a combination of the two (2). View at: Publisher Site| Google Scholar See in References , 1… Chromium (Cr) is a potentially toxic heavy metal which does not have any essential metabolic function in plants. Factors that will influence selenium uptake by plants are pH, and selenium concentration in soils and nutrients. The results of phytoremediation showed greater chromium accumulation in roots with poor translocation in shoot upon inoculation of Klebsiella sp. while no significant enhancement in chromium uptake by tomato plant was observed on inoculation of Enterobacter sp. Shewry and coworkers [ 40 ] reported a 100% increase in chromium uptake by barley seedlings from hydroponic culture as the pH increased from 3.0 to 6.7, where the chromate anion is the dominate species. compared to control. 2020 Oct 27;17(21):7861. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17217861. Various past and recent studies highlight the biogeochemistry of Cr in the soil-plant system. 3.2 Chromium toxicity in plants. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. Sobns in wastewater from an electroplating plant is also discussed. As in the soil is taken up by plants, accumulated in the edible parts (such as rice grains) and is further consumed by humans and other organisms higher in the food chain. The amount of chromium Growth and development. The first interaction Cr has with a plant is during its uptake... 4.2. 16. This study focuses on the uptake of chromium and zinc by Elodea densa (Planch.) Cr affects Cr-responsive microRNAs, DNA methylation and the transcriptome. Medyńska-Juraszek A, Bednik M, Chohura P. Int J Environ Res Public Health. Therefore, there is a dire need to monitor biogeochemical behavior of Cr in soil-plant system. 2012 ). The absorption of Cd by plant roots is more influenced by soil factors, controlling Cd bioavailability than by total soil Cd. 2011 , Bundschuh et al. DOI: 10.1007/BF00011706. Whereas Cr(VI) has been demonstrated to produce serious damage to living cells, it is considered that Cr(III) is less toxic because of its extremely low solubility, which prevents its leaching into ground water or its uptake by plants. Keywords: toxic metals, chromium, plants, Calotropis procera, phytoremediation, antioxidant enzymes, superoxide dismutase. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Immobilization and phytotoxicity of chromium in contaminated soil remediated by CMC-stabilized nZVI. Get the latest public health information from CDC:, Get the latest research information from NIH:, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: The uptake of beneficial metals by plants occurs predominantly by way of channels, pores, and transporters in the root plasma membrane. Plants tolerate Cr toxicity via various defense mechanisms such as complexation by organic ligands, compartmentation into the vacuole, and scavenging ROS via antioxidative enzymes. Heavy metal stress affects nutrient uptake in plants by interacting with other essential minerals. Chromium-treated AM plants had higher K and decreased levels of Fe and Al than Non-AM plants. 2020 Sep 9;11:1297. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2020.01297. NIH R. A. Skeffington, P. R. Shewry, P. J. Peterson. Chromium is a toxic, non-essential element to plants, hence they do not posses specific mechanisms for its uptake. NLM aquatic plants must be compared for their ability to take up pollutants. Chromium, specifically hexavalent chromium is one of the most toxic pollutants that are released into soils by various anthropogenic activities. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. These results are in agreement with previous studies that have shown that there is a significant effect of pH on the uptake of chromium by nutrient crop plants, fungi, and microorganisms [36–39]. Recent advances in ‘omics fields have shed new light on plant defense strategies. Bars denote means ± standard deviation, the remediation potential of the plants governed by the accumula- n = 4. tion capacity of plants (Shukla et al., 2007). Glycinebetaine alleviates the chromium toxicity in Brassica oleracea L. by suppressing oxidative stress and modulating the plant morphology and photosynthetic attributes. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. 5, pp. Epub 2017 Feb 27. Proteins and metalloproteins are now being identified as Cr exposure biomarkers. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Shahid M, Pourrut B, Dumat C, Nadeem M, Aslam M, Pinelli E. Rev Environ Contam Toxicol. Chromium affects seed germination, plant growth, photosynthesis and the uptake of a variety of nutrients. It has numerous adverse effects not only on plant system but also on beneficial soil microorganisms which are the indicators of soil fertility and health. Chromium uptake and its effects on certain plant nutrients in maize (Zea mays L. cv. Manganese enrichment of the soil can increase cadmium uptake while high iron levels will decrease it (2). The pathway of Cr uptake in plants is not yet clearly elucidated. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Uptake of hexavalent chromium by Lactuca sativa and Triticum aestivum plants and mediated effects on their performance, linked with associated public health risks. Chro- mium-treated AM plants had higher K and decreased levels of Fe and Al than Non-AM plants. DTPA extractable (bioavailability) of (A) arsenic, (B) chromium and (C) zinc performance of the plant is also correlated with the capabilities of in soils after plant growth experiment. Part A: Environmental Science and Engineering and Toxicology: Vol. ACS Omega. 2020 Sep 3;5(36):23099-23110. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.0c02874. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Heavy-metal ion uptake by plants from nutrient solutions with metal ion, plant species and growth period variations. In this context, this review discusses aspects of Cr uptake and transport, some physiological and biochemical effects of Cr exposure in plants, and molecular defense mechanisms against this metal. Another study analyzed the uptake of Cr 6+ in free living floating aquatic macrophytes Eicchornia crassipes cultivated in non-toxic chromium-doped hydroponic solutions by PIXE, and demonstrated that Cr 6+ mass uptake by the macrophytes reached up to 70% of the initial concentrations (Espinoza-Quiñonesa et al., 2009). Uptake of chromium. Since Cr is a non-essential element for plants, there is no uptake mechanism; Cr is taken up along essential elements such as sulfate through sulfate transporters. 2020 Jan;27(1):1101-1111. doi: 10.1007/s11356-019-06761-z. The translocation factor (TF), bioaccumulation factor (BAF) and the bioconcentration ratio (BCR) were determined and they confirmed that hexavalent chromium was slowly translocated within the plant from the roots to stems, and very slowly further translocated to leaves. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Farid M, Farid S, Zubair M, Ghani MA, Rizwan M, Ishaq HK, Alkahtani S, Abdel-Daim MM, Ali S. Front Plant Sci. Nutrient uptake is thereby inhibited by the metal toxicity especially when the concentration of the metal exceeds its permissible limits [ 66 ]. Front. 2017;241:73-137. doi: 10.1007/398_2016_8. Rev Environ Contam Toxicol. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Plant chromium uptake and transport, physiological effects and recent advances in molecular investigations. Chromium shortage can cause cardiac problems, metabolic dysfunctions, and diabetes. Lead uptake, toxicity, and detoxification in plants. The toxic Cr level can provoke various morphological, physiological, biochemical, and molecular alterations in plants [14,15]. 2011;213:113-36. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4419-9860-6_4. PGPB improve chromium uptake by modifying root architecture, secreting metal sequestering molecules in rhizosphere and alleviating chromium induced phytotoxicity. (1994). Chromium reduced leaf elemental nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K), and increased aluminum (Al), iron (Fe), and zinc (Zn) uptake. Increasingly, anthropogenic perturbations of the biosphere manifest in a broad array of global phenomena, causing widespread contamination of most ecosystems, with high dispersion rates of many contaminants throughout different environmental compartments, including metals. PLoS One. Plant uptake of Cr(III) is a passive process, that is, no energy expenditure is required by the plant [3 1. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. The objective of the present study was to determine the oxidative stress caused by hexavalent chromium (Cr[VI]), the chromium (Cr) uptake, and the Cr speciation in Convolvulus arvensis L. plants grown in hydroponics media containing either Cr(VI) or Cr(III). We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Keywords: Assessing the Influence of Compost and Biochar Amendments on the Mobility and Uptake of Heavy Metals by Green Leafy Vegetables. 2014;232:1-44. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-06746-9_1. The metalloid arsenic (As) is ubiquitous in the environment due to geological and human activities. Epub 2019 Dec 9. 2020 Dec 3;15(12):e0243032.  |  Chromium does not have any specific transporter for its uptake by plants and it primarily enters the plants through specific and non-specific channels of essential ions. Chromium accumulates predominantly in plant root tissues with very limited translocation to shoots. 2014 Jun 30;275:230-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2014.04.056. The translocation factor (TF), bioaccumulation factor (BAF) and the bioconcentration ratio (BCR) were determined and they confirmed that hexavalent chromium was slowly translocated within the plant from the roots to stems, and very … Effect of chromium (VI) toxicity on morpho-physiological characteristics, yield, and yield components of two chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) varieties. Śliwa-Cebula M, Kaszycki P, Kaczmarczyk A, Nosek M, Lis-Krzyścin A, Miszalski Z. J Hazard Mater. A. M. Zayed and N. Terry, “Chromium in the environment: factors affecting biological remediation,” Plant and Soil, vol. Chromium restricts the uptake of nutrients in soil by forming insoluble compounds [ 65 ]. The purpose of this review is to highlight the plant-beneficial traits of PGPB to accelerate plant-growth and concurrently ameliorate phytoremediation of chromium contaminated soils. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0243032. Uptake and transport of chromium in plants. Chromium accumulates predominantly in plant root tissues with very limited translocation to shoots. 941-948. Chromium reduced leaf elemental nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K), and increased aluminum (Al), iron (Fe), and zinc (Zn) uptake. Chromium behavior in soil, its soil-plant transfer and accumulation in different plant parts vary with its chemical form, plant type and soil physico-chemical properties. However, being a nonessential element, Cr does not have any specific mechanism for its uptake and is also dependent on Cr speciation. Citation: Usman K, Al Jabri H, Abu-Dieyeh MH and Alsafran MHSA (2020) Comparative Assessment of Toxic Metals Bioaccumulation and the Mechanisms of Chromium (Cr) Tolerance and Uptake in Calotropis procera. Ganga 5) Journal of Environmental Science and Health . Anastasis Christou Agricultural Research Institute, Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development and … 1. 249, no. Chromium mainly accumulates in the plant roots that triggers the uptake and translocation of Cr to the aerial plant parts [11,12,13]. Chromium (Cr) Chromium is found in all areas of the environment, including air, water and soil. ... (DNP) at 10-6 M to 10-4 M conc. Cadmium Bioavailability, Uptake, Toxicity and Detoxification in Soil-Plant System. eCollection 2020 Sep 15. Chromium does not have any specific transporter for its uptake by plants and it primarily enters the plants through specific and non-specific channels of essential ions. ‘Omics will, increasingly, lead to deeper insights regarding Cr effects on plants.  |  Chromium uptake, accumulation, and translocation, depend on its speciation. Heavy-metal-induced reactive oxygen species: phytotoxicity and physicochemical changes in plants.  |  Chromium is toxic in high amounts to both plants and humans but the toxicity depends on the valency; chromium VI being substantially more toxic. Chromium uptake and transport in … Soil microbial community plays a key role in governing Cr speciation and behavior in soil. However, although the molecular and physiological mechanisms of plant responses to many heavy metals, especially lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd), have been focused upon in recent years, chromium has attracted significantly less attention. Cr accumulation in plants causes high toxicity in terms of reduction in growth and biomass accumulation, and … HHS Currently, millions of people, especially in South and South-east Asia, are at risk for exposure to food and drinking water that is cont… Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. Chromium induces phytotoxicity by interfering plant growth, nutrient uptake and photosynthesis, inducing enhanced generation of reactive oxygen species, causing lipid peroxidation and altering the antioxidant activities. Therefore, the uptake of this heavy metal in through carriers used for the uptake of essential metals for plant metabolism. Pollution , 6(2), 429-440. doi: 10.22059/poll.2020.293211.720 MLA Larrea tridentata (creosote bush), shows the ability to uptake chromium(VI) ions from solution. For cadmium, uptake is primarily impacted by the presence and concentration of specific minerals in the soil. Inside plants, Cr provokes numerous deleterious effects to several physiological, morphological, and biochemical processes. Research demonstrates that selenium uptake by cannabis is moderately low. of chromium and 0.009 mg of zinc per gram dry plant material when exposed for a 48 hour period to nutrient solutions containing 5.00 ppm of their metals. Plants characteristically exhibit a © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. This means that Zea mays roots have the greatest tendency to concentrate Cr (VI), the concentration in these plant parts being 11.7 times greater than in the surrounding soil. Recent advances in determining these responses, in fields of knowledge such as genomics, proteomics and metallomics, are discussed herein. As ingestion can lead to serious diseases, including cancers ( Martinez et al. Phytotoxicity of Lead and Chromium on Germination, Seedling Establishment and Metal Uptake by Kenaf and Mesta. Chromium is absorbed by plants through carriers of essential ions such as sulfate. eCollection 2020. Chromium occurs in different chemical forms (primarily as chromite (Cr(III)) and chromate (Cr(VI)) in soil which vary markedly in term of their biogeochemical behavior. Pourrut B, Shahid M, Dumat C, Winterton P, Pinelli E. Rev Environ Contam Toxicol. A study of the uptake of copper, nickel and chromium by “Kangkong air” and water hyacinths (Eich- horria crassipes) (Mart.) The objective of the experiment was to characterize the plant uptake and migration ... Uptake by Plants and Migration of Uranium and Chromium in Field Lysimeters - Sheppard - 1984 - Journal of Environmental Quality - Wiley Online Library 4.3. Plant growth and development are essential processes of life and propagation of the species. Chromium (Cr) contamination in particular, is, increasingly, posing a serious threat to the environment, emerging as a major health hazard to the biota. EPA method 200.3 was followed to digest the plant samples, and flame atomic absorption spectroscopy (FAAS) was used to determine the amount of chromium taken up in different parts of the plant. Glutamic Acid-Assisted Phytomanagement of Chromium Contaminated Soil by Sunflower (, Efficient Removal of Cr(VI) Ions by a Novel Magnetic 4-Vinyl Pyridine Grafted Ni. Epub 2014 May 2. eCollection 2020. Cr can harm plant germination, photosynthesis, nutrition and cause oxidative stress. Consumption of Cr-contaminated-food can cause human health risks by inducing severe clinical conditions. Ahmad R, Ali S, Abid M, Rizwan M, Ali B, Tanveer A, Ahmad I, Azam M, Ghani MA. 29, No. Casp., which is a submerged plant growing in the Willamette Valley but originally from South America, and Ceratophyllum demersum L. … Singh D, Sharma NL, Singh CK, Sarkar SK, Singh I, Dotaniya ML. Chromium uptake, translocation and accumulation. 139–156, 2003. Bioavailability; Chromium; Detoxification; Toxicity; Uptake. Shahid M, Dumat C, Khalid S, Niazi NK, Antunes PMC. 2020 Sep 18;9(9):1230. doi: 10.3390/plants9091230. Plant and Soil 1976, 45 (2) , 445-459. Toxic effects of chromium in plants 4.1. This review traces a plausible link among Cr speciation, bioavailability, phytouptake, phytotoxicity and detoxification based on available data, especially published from 2010 to 2016. Plants (Basel).

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